Jerusalem is famous for the standard sites tourists visit. The Western Wall, the Temple Mount, the Holocaust Museum, and the Israel Museum top the list of many visitors to Jerusalem.
Pilgrims, sightseers, and worshippers from three major religions journey to the Holy City every year. Because Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, all see Jerusalem as a Holy City, it’s tough to designate many of the Christian sites in Jerusalem as distinctly Christian.
After all, Christianity has its roots in the faith of the ancient Hebrews. Jesus was a Jew, and so, many Jewish sites are therefore also connected to Christianity.
Even still, I have selected ten Christian sites in Jerusalem that have a direct, historical connection to the ministry of Jesus.
In this post, I’ll share with you the first five of these Christian sites in Jerusalem.
The Mount of Olives
The Mount of Olives has always been associated with Jerusalem, though technically it is not part the city. The journey from Jericho up to Jerusalem is one Jesus would have made dozens of times in His life.
The pinnacle of the journey literally was the Mount of Olives. Cresting the hill afforded Jesus His first view of the city.
- The most famous entrance (so far) into Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives represented Jesus’ Triumphal Entry when He rode a donkey in Jerusalem and presented Himself as Messiah in fulfillment of Zechariah 9:9.
- The Mount of Olives also marks the place where Jesus gave His Olivet Discourse about the end times (Matthew 24:3).
- The Mount of Olives represented the place where Jesus ascended to heaven; the Chapel of the Ascension commemorates the event.
- The event that will represent history’s most memorable event on the Mount of Olives will be Jesus’ Second Coming, as predicted in Zechariah 14:1-21 and Acts 1:9-12.
The Dominus Flevit Church
The sharp descent of the Mount of Olives follows a narrow road with high walls. The Dominus Flevit Church memorializes in its Latin name the moment “the Lord wept” over Jerusalem at His Triumphal Entry (Luke 19:41). The roof of the quaint chapel resembles the shape of an inverted teardrop.
The Prophet Daniel foretold that exactly 483 Jewish years—or 476 Gregorian years—from the rebuilding of Jerusalem in March 444 B.C., “Messiah the Prince” would appear (Daniel 9:25). At His first coming on the Mount of Olives, Jesus was rejected by Israel. But Scripture indicates that at Jesus’ Second Coming “all Israel will be saved” (Romans 11:26).
The Pools of Bethesda
Inside Stephen’s Gate (or the Lion’s Gate), an entrance on the north wall opens into a picturesque courtyard with flowers and foliage. This leads to deep pits with ancient, stone walls beside St. Anne’s Church. These are the Pools of Bethesda.
- In Jesus’ day, the site had two adjacent pools with a surrounding colonnade on all four sides and one down the middle. The Book of John refers to “a pool, which is called in Hebrew Bethesda, having five porticoes” (John 5:2).
- The Bible reveals that Jesus had mercy on one of the many invalids who lay by the pools—and healed him (John 5:9).
The Pool of Siloam
For many years the Pool of Siloam was thought to be the upper pool beside the exit of Hezekiah’s Tunnel. Discovered near the turn of the 20th century, this pool dates only to the fifth century AD.
- Workers accidentally discovered the true Pool of Siloam from the Second Temple period in 2004 while digging a sewer line.
- Archaeologists have uncovered only a portion of this lower pool, exposing the entire north side—more than 225 feet long. Tourists can visit there today.
Jesus sent a blind man to the Pool of Siloam and healed him there from a distance (John 9:7).
Jerusalem Archaeological Park
Fewer places give the sense of the time of Jesus like the Southern Steps excavations. Just south of the Temple Mount a 200-foot wide flight of stairs represents both original and restored steps from the Second Temple period.
- Millions of sandals shuffled up these steps in antiquity, as Jewish pilgrims came from all Israel to worship the Lord for the annual feasts.
- Three times a year worshipers would enter the Temple from these steps, after a customary cleansing in the nearby ritual baths, or mikvot.
- That means Jesus walked these steps.
Around the corner to the west, archaeologists have removed most of the rubble from the Temple’s destruction in AD 70, but they left one pile of stones just as they found them—the street still depressed from the force of the impact. Jesus predicted this destruction on His last visit to the temple in AD 33 (Matthew 24:1-2).
In my next post, I’ll share five more Christian sites in Jerusalem, particularly those related to the death and resurrection of Jesus.
Question: What is your favorite of the Christian sites in Jerusalem? To leave a comment, just click here.