Mount of Olives—The Place of God’s Coming, Going, and Coming

How fitting that the first mention of the Mount of Olives in the Bible represents the irony that would occur on its slopes throughout the centuries.

In King David’s day, the summit of the Mount of Olives held a place “where God was worshiped” (2 Samuel 15:32). And yet, that same context revealed the rejection of God’s chosen king, David, who crossed the Kidron Valley and ascended the slope weeping as he fled from his rebellious son.

Mount of Olives—The Place of God's Coming, Going, and Coming

(Photo: The Mount of Olives. Courtesy of the Pictorial Library of Bible Lands)

David’s mournful exit as Jerusalem’s rejected king offers an ominous foreshadowing of the ultimate Son of David’s rejection on those same slopes a thousand years later.

But the history that occurred on Mount of Olives does more than tell the story of rejection. It speaks of redemption and—one day—of the ultimate acceptance of the King.

More than that, it tells our own story.

The Mount of Olives—Always Included but Never Part

Always associated with Jerusalem but never part of the city, the Mount of Olives rises 330 feet above the Old City. This watershed of the Hill Country offers beautiful views of Jerusalem to the west as well as of the Wilderness of Judea and the Jordan Valley to the east.

3 Towers on the Mount of Olives

(Photo: The 3 towers on the Mount of Olives identify it from any distance. Courtesy of the Pictorial Library of Bible Lands)

  • Perhaps its high elevation gave rise to the worship of God on the summit prior to Solomon’s construction on the Temple Mount (2 Samuel 15:32).
  • Regrettably, Solomon also constructed pagan shrines on the Mount of Olives’—at the “Hill of Offense”—opposite the City of David at modern Silwan (2 Kings 23:13).
  • The Tenth Roman Legion camped on the Mount of Olives, opposite the Temple Mount, when they destroyed Jerusalem in AD 70. Titus camped further north with the Twelve and Fifteenth Legions on Mount Scopus.
  • Josephus wrote that Mount Scopus often represented “the first sight of the city” (War 5:67-70). The mount takes its name from the Greek skopus, which refers to a “watchman” or a “mark” on which one sets his or her eye. For most pilgrims ascending to Jerusalem from Jericho today, Mount Scopus still represents their first sight of Jerusalem.

The Mount of Olives—The Place of God’s Coming, Going, and Coming Again

The belief that the Kidron Valley is the future Valley of Jehoshaphat (“The Lord Judges”), where God will judge humanity (Joel 3:2, 12), has inspired thousands of Jews to make their graves on the adjacent slopes. The world’s largest Jewish cemetery spreads across the Mount of Olives, and Muslim graves dot the slopes across the Kidron Valley below the Temple Mount.

Mount of Olives aerial from southeast

(Photo: Mount of Olives aerial from southeast. Courtesy of the Pictorial Library of Bible Lands)

A number of Messianic prophecies were fulfilled (and were made) on the Mount of Olives during the Passion Week of Jesus:

  • Triumphal Entry—Jesus officially presented Himself to Israel as the Messiah (on the very day prophecy predicted) when He rode into Jerusalem on the back of a donkey (Ps. 118:22, 25-26; Dan. 9:25; Zech. 9:9, 16; Matt. 21).
  • Olivet Discourse—After leaving the Second Temple for the final time and pronouncing judgment against Jerusalem, Jesus sat on the Mount of Olives with His disciples and explained prophecies that anticipated His Second Coming (Matt. 24-25).
  • Betrayal and Abandonment—On the same slope where His disciples had hailed Jesus as Messiah four days earlier, Judas betrayed Him and all of them abandoned Him (Ps. 41:9; Zech. 13:7; Matt. 26:31; John 17:12).
  • Ascension— After His resurrection, Jesus gave the Great Commission to His disciples and then He ascended to heaven from the Mount of Olives (Acts 1:9-12).
  • Second Coming—The place of His going will be the place of His coming. Just as Zechariah predicted the first coming of the Messiah—who appeared on the Mount of Olives—so the prophet foresaw the Second Coming of Christ whose “feet will stand on the Mount of Olives” (Zech. 14:1-4, 9).

The Mount of Olives—Where These Events are Commemorated

A number of churches dot the slopes of the Mount of Olives, memorializing key events in the ministry of Jesus (and one that wasn’t).

(All pics courtesy of the Pictorial Library of Bible Lands)

  • Church of the Pater Noster—The original church covered the cave of Eleona, which apocryphal legend linked with Jesus’ ascension. Later the cave became associated with the Olivet Discourse, and more recently, with the Lord’s Prayer, or the “Our Father” (pater noster). Today the Lord’s Prayer, written in more than 100 languages, adorns the cloister.
  • Dominus Flevit Church—This simple, lovely chapel, shaped as inverted teardrop, commemorates the site where Jesus wept over Jerusalem as He descended the Mount of Olives at His Triumphal Entry.
  • Church of All Nations—Marking the traditional location where Jesus prayed in the Garden of Gethsemane, this beautiful church guards ancient olive trees and depicts various scenes of the fateful night when Jesus was betrayed and arrested.
  • Russian Ascension Church—Russian nuns inhabit this church with its tall, square tower. Built toward end of the nineteenth century, this tower afforded pilgrims who couldn’t journey down to the Jordan River a view of the waterway from afar.
  • Church of Mary Magdalene—Constructed in 1888, this church is connected with a convent that houses more than two-dozen nuns. The Russian Orthodox church, with its beautiful golden onion-shaped domes, has a mosaic that commemorates a legend that Mary Magdalene gave an miraculous egg to the Emperor Tiberius.
  • Mosque of the Ascension—The structure commemorates Jesus’ ascension on the Mount of Olives. The original 4th-century building has had renovations through the centuries—by the Crusaders and, most recently by Muslims, who own the site today.

Explore the Mount of Olives in Google Maps. Just point, drag, and click!

The Mount of Olives—Your Rejection of Him and His Redemption of You

Jesus cried twice on the Mount of Olives during His Passion Week:

  1. On Sunday, He wept at His Triumphal Entry because of those who would reject Him.
  2. On Thursday, He wept at the Garden of Gethsemane because He knew what redeeming sinners would cost Him.

We too have each rejected God and walked our own way. But Christ’s gracious surrender to the Father at Gethsemane—leading to Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection—has made it possible for our redemption.

For those of us who believe in Jesus, we will return with Him at His Second Coming when “His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives” (Zech. 14:4; Rev. 19:14).

Perhaps then—as never before—will the Mount of Olives once again be a place “where God [is] worshiped” (2 Samuel 15:32).

Question: Have you seen the Mount of Olives? What did you think? To leave a comment, just click here.

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  • Kayleen ferguson

    This is truly one of my favorite places in Jerusalem! Remembering the events in the Bible, visualizing them, and just seeing the magnitude of the city and its history from here convicts my heart of my lukewarm behavior! But, I am also assured of God’s promise for my future with Him!

    • I agree with you, Kayleen. This mountaintop is my favorite way to see the Old City. My second favorite is in the Citadel. Thanks for your encouraging words today.

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  • luiz

    Recounting all the different places that Christ once walked and preached, finally seeing what He endured from where we stood brings one to their knees for this is the exact place where He prayed to God and also ascended into heaven . What a Glorious and humble feeling I felt to be in the presence of God and what will the feelings be when He returns.. ….

    • That’s right, Luiz. The Mount of Olives is such a special place—both where Jesus ascended and where He one day will come again to earth. Nothing compares with standing there! Thanks.

  • Cameron McCreary

    I saw an old picture taken in the 1930’s of a skull carved into the limestone rock near the summit on the Mount of Olives. The skull was barely visible but, it was a skull. I believe that Solomon had it carved there for one of his wives, and I believe that Jesus, Our Lord and God had to get glory over this and other false gods. I believe that Jesus was crucified at this location which, is witnessed by the centurian through the events which occurred at the time Jesus gave up his spirit. The night before, when Jesus and the disciples went up the Mount of Olives Jesus with Peter, James and John visited the site of Jesus’ burial and Jesus went up a “stone’s throw” to the place of his crucifixion to pray to The Father. Jesus goes back to the three disciples who are sleeping and said, “My soul is very sorrowful, even to death.” The tomb I believe was near this area. When one reads the Bible ( Old and New Testaments) from Our Lord’s perspective of getting glory over false gods, one sees things differently.

    • Certainly Jesus’ death and resurrection happened somewhere– though it’s hard to say with absolute certainly. However, history does point us to a place more specific than our emotions would suggest as the location.